Monday, November 14, 2011

Selective Attention

In past blogs, we have talked about decision making and selective attention.  As I mentioned previously, one of my roles as a coach is to be the master of the obvious.  As players progress and become more experienced, they will rely more on a mental checklist and not take things for granted.  Things such as the slope of the lie of the ball, the wind and the placement of the hole on the green will be considered instead of merely noted.

You may think that you always pay attention to the wind, but when the pressure is on, you might miss it completely.  The same can be said when the ball is above or below your feet.  Great course designers, such as Tom Doak (who is my favorite), will often place subtle slopes that combine with prevailing winds to lead players to miss targets in a certain direction.  Add water or sand to that miss and you will pay a penalty for not paying attention.  Simply paying attention is an important skill in tournament golf.  Juniors and college players don't get the benefit of a caddy, whose main role is to pay attention or be the master of the obvious for their player.
Caddy, AJ Eathorne, is also a great player.  Did that help her or hurt her as she made the transition to caddy?  As a college champion, she was probably already paying attention to all the things that matter to a player on the course.

I have a clear memory of one of my former players, Jenny Poth, throwing grass in the air on the first tee of the Old Course at St. Andrews.  We all thought it was a funny thing to do, because it was blowing about 30 mph in our faces, but she had simply trained herself to always pay attention to the wind and this was part of her pre shot routine.  She didn't take it for granted when it was calm or when it was blowing.  How do you pay attention to the important factors?  Do you game plan for them by preparing in the practice round or do you include things in your pre shot routine?  However you accomplish it, it is an important skill to train it and make sure it is there when it counts the most.


How well do you pay attention?

Check out this video:  Monkey Business

I will continue the blog tomorrow, because I want you to go watch the video without continuing to read.  Good luck on the test!

Tuesday, November 8, 2011

Golf Practice Prior to a Tournament Round

Today's blog is a recent SMU Women's Golf practice schedule.  We had five challenges each day and these were used for our tournament preparation. 

It is important to understand the type of practice you are doing and have a plan for your practice.  There is a time for all types of practice.  There is mechanical practice when you are working on specific things in your swing.  Mechanical practice is how many people practice all of the time, which makes it tough to go to the golf course and play without mechanical thoughts.  There is a time to work on your swing, but not prior to a round or a tournament.  Mechanical practice is usually followed by repetitive practice.  Repetitive practice is what we all do to learn a skill and your focus should remain on your movements and motion.  There is feel practice when you are letting your eyes talk to your hands without the thoughts of how it is done.  The last type of practice is competitive practice when you are focused on scoring and using only one ball.  It can be done with others or with goals as a guide.  One ball practice is as close as you can get to the real thing, playing golf.  As we near tournament play, we work mainly on competitive and feel practice as evidenced in the following challenges.  We also work on routine and focus more as we near tournament play.


Enjoy the practice.  These challenges should keep you fully engaged and sharpen your game.  Follow directions closely, such as "no do-overs"! 


The theme is “take care of business”!
1.  Lag putting - Putt to the string from 25, 30, 35 and 40 feet until you get 5 balls within a putter head of the string. 
2.  On a practice hole, go to your full PW distance and hit 25 balls.  If you miss the green, add five balls to the pile.  If you hit the ball within a club length, take 2 balls off the pile.  Stay until you have no balls in front of you.  Now do the same from full SW distance.  Fix all your ball marks.   3.  Get 10 bunker shots up and down.  Use one ball.  Go through your routine.  Finish out all shots.  
4.  Chip against a teammate.  Use one ball and play to 10.  You get a point when you make an up and down and your teammate doesn’t.  Winner gets honors and choice of shot.  Finish everything out!
5.  Choose five clubs in your bag and on the range, hit five shots with each.  1. Hook it  2. Slice it  3.  Hit it high  4.  Hit it low  5.  Hit it straight  No do-overs.  When you are finished, you can go back and do five more shots with a club if you want to.  Spend the time to visualize the shot prior to hitting it.

Thursday - Today’s theme is to prepare for competition with “one-ball” practice and routine work.
1.  Get one ball up and down ten times first using your SW and putter and then using your 9 iron and putter.  Drop the ball and don’t nudge it.  Finish everything out.  Use your routine.  
2.  Play a putting game with a teammate.  9 holes of match play.  Pick long lags.  Talk smack!
3.  Play Around the World from 5 points from 4, 5, and 6 feet.  You have to make 10 in a row going around the circle before you can move to the next distance.
4.  Hit each club in your bag until you hit 3 great shots with each.  Aim at a target for both distance and direction.  You are the judge.  When you hit a great shot, celebrate!  Use your routine and focus!
5.  On a practice hole, hit wedges from 50 yards until you get 10 balls to come to rest within 10 feet.  Now do the same from 75 yards.





Sunday, November 6, 2011

The Illogical World of Golf

Whew, it has been a while since I have blogged and I miss it a lot.  Life got a bit busy, but blogging was set aside mainly due to the fact that Sprint sent me a bill for $500.  It seems my $70/month internet account used too much data due to roaming.  They won't get me twice with that scam!  New internet sources to come...

Today's topic is decision making on the golf course.  Is your decision making logical?  Does it change based on how you are playing?  Golf seems to appeal to logical, math oriented people.  There are numbers at every turn.  However, I have found that those same math-oriented people lose their logical minds quickly when the heat is on.  Instead of choosing an action based on what is in front of them, they instead carry around past mistakes, fears, doubts, and hopes.  In other words, instead of being a golf robot, most golfers are humans with emotions.



Emotions are an important factor in all of our decision making, whether on or off the course.  Without emotions, we would be crippled by our choices in every day life.  I read a great book this summer about decision making called Nudge by Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein.  Another book I hope to read very soon is The Invisible Gorilla by Christopher Chabris and Daniel Simons.  Both of these books are studies in decision making.  Nudge looks at how people make decisions and The Invisible Gorilla was written about how we pay attention.  These are both very simplified explanations and you can check out the blogs that accompany these author's works here:  Nudge Blog and Invisible Gorilla Blog.  I learned a lot from the authors of Nudge about how we all form our choices. 



Golfers make hundreds of choices in every round of golf they play.  I would like to talk about just one; the process of choosing a club for a shot.  As I stand on a par 3 or an approach to a green, my job as a coach is to take in the factors that could effect the shot and come up with a plan.  It is a pretty simple process, yet, it is also inherently complicated. 

Let's go through a typical club choice process:  Par 3, 168 yards to the hole, which is 25 yards deep and 10 from the left edge, green is slightly uphill from the tee, the wind is from right to left and hurting a bit, green is sloped back to front and tiered with the back tier falling off to the left, the green sits on a slope that goes right to left, there is a bunker in the front, left of the green and the green is narrower there.  The green is 38 yards deep, 18 yards wide on front tier and 27 yards wide on back tier.  These seem to be the important features.  Now add situational factors, such as the greens are firm today due to a lot of wind, which has also increased green speed.

Which one should I choose?


The first team member to the tee hits the ball low and consistently draws the ball.  Her landing point needs to be on the front, right side of the green.  As a player, it is her job to choose, commit and execute a shot to that target.  As a coach, it is my job to assist her with her choice of club and target.  I know that everything in the situation (slope, wind, ball flight) might lead her to miss the shot on the left side and leave herself a very tough shot at an up and down, but that knowledge has to stay unspoken and I must somehow nudge her towards the right choices.  On top of the facts of her ball flight, the wind, the green's shape and the distance of the shot is the role that emotion will play in her choices.  As I said before, emotion is a vital part of our decision making process, but how can we shape what we pay attention to and let go of what isn't helpful?

Even though this player knows she usually hits a draw and will need to start her shot at least 15 yards right of the hole, her last look might focus on the flag instead of her chosen target and that flag is mighty inviting.  This would be the emotion of greed.  Another popular emotion that might effect her choice is doubt.  Even though the player hits a low draw 90% of the time, her mind flashes to the 3rd hole of the day when she pushed the ball further right than her aim and it stayed there to end 30 yards right of the hole.  It is possible that could happen again.  Fear might also get in the way of commitment and it introduces itself in a lot of ways.  The bunker might loom large due to a few missed up and downs.  The possibility of going over the green might seem scary.  Just the fear of not executing the shot well sometimes messes with a player.  Emotions that play a part needn't be negative.  Confidence sometimes replaces game plans with intuition and creativity.  Adaptability allows a player to make the adjustments needed to play in a big wind or with a pronounced ball flight.  The emotions that help and hurt a golfer are many and completely individual both to the player and the situation.



Remember, there is a team of five in this event and the next player through the par 3 hits a high ball that moves left to right.  She puts a lot of spin on her shots.  Everything about her shot will be different from the player in front of her.  She will carry it farther on the green and aim closer to the hole.  The wind will not effect her ball as much as it did player #1 due to the shape of her shot.  The bunker will come into play more for this player than the first player.  Not only is every shot in golf unique from a player's standpoint, but as a coach, there can't be much carry over from one player to another since there is usually very few similarities in games.  

Too many times, players and coaches make decisions based on things that aren't important to the situation, but seem to be due to emotions.  Negative emotions based on past mistakes guide decisions.   For example, what a player did on the hole on the day before might seem important even though the wind, the hole location, and the player are all a bit different today.  The approach shot that was hit on the last hole might guide a decision even though it really has no bearing.  A coach might watch a player make a double from the bunker and guide the next player to hit it long or right to avoid the same fate, even though there is no real connection.



Every shot in golf is unique, but players and coaches often carry around memories that create patterns in their minds.  Focusing on patterns is a tricky skill in golf and usually misguided.  Useful patterns such as noticing that you are hitting the ball a bit shorter today or that your putts aren't getting to the hole might lead you to using 1/2 club more or judging the green speed differently.  Patterns that are based on random shots or events will lead to blurred decision making, such as I missed this green short yesterday and I don't want to be short again.

As coaches, our first job is to give players the tools to make decisions that will help them score on the course.  The first tool is to help the player know herself.  These are the questions that will help a player make good decisions:  How far do you carry each club in your bag?  What is your predominant ball flight?  What is your most common miss?  What are your strengths?  What are your weaknesses?


The next job of a coach is to be the Master of the Obvious.  My players tease me about this, because I actually state the title when pointing out important things to pay attention to on the golf course.  For example, being the Master of the Obvious might lead me to tell a player to watch the tops of the trees to see the wind even though she can't feel it where she is standing.  In the heat of competition, the simple act of looking up at the tree tops is out of character for most players, but it can be trained and come in handy on tree-lined courses.  Other M of the O comments would be about the firmness of the greens and choosing a landing point for an approach shot or the amount of green behind a hole to accommodate a shot rolling past the hole.  The reason for becoming a M of the O is explained in the book The Invisible Gorilla.  We choose what we pay attention to and often miss very obvious things.



Learning to formulate a game plan for each shot and for each round is another skill that is developed over time.  It is very common to see a player use a laser on each approach shot, but not use a hole location sheet.  There is so much information lost when a hole location sheet isn't used.  How much green do I have to use in front or behind the hole?  How much green is there left or right of the hole?  These are two very important questions that aren't answered very often these days. By forming a game plan using the terrain, the weather and the predominant ball flight, a player will gain an understanding of where to land the ball, how much spin or release to expect, and how to use the course design to get close to the hole.

A hugely important job of a coach is to trust the player and her intuition.  Coaches have as many emotions working as the players and they can get in the way just as easily as the player's emotions.  All conversations with players must be made as a consultant, not a boss.  Golfers need to steer their own boats and a strong coach who takes over the tiller will get in the way of a player and her development toward greatness.  Players learn through trial and error and overriding their decision making will cause the process to take longer or worse yet, will cause the players to lose confidence in their ability to form decisions.



Most of tournament play is dependent upon a player's preparation and hard work in practice. However, it is impossible to prepare completely for decision making under pressure.  For that, you must play and post your score in public.  The more often you post a score, the more chances you will have to make decisions, learn from them, adjust them and be better next time out.  One of the adjustments players learn to make is which emotions to tap into during a round and which emotions to set aside.  Players also learn to balance logical factors and emotional factors to come up with a style of play.  Coaches can help you with the process, but in the end, the golfer is in charge of her own destiny on the golf course.   If you understand what information you use to make decisions and how you act in different situations you can become a better player through the use of both emotion and logic.

My Gentle Teacher

My dad was a good man.  He passed in 1998 and I still miss him a lot.  He had a smile that lit up his eyes and he had bright blue eyes.  He ...