What does your pre-shot routine need to do for you? It needs to condense all the information you gathered leading up to it and simplify it into a vision of what you will do with your golf ball with your shot. In a perfect world, it will give you quiet confidence, centeredness, readiness and a connection to your vision. That seems like a lot to ask of your routine, but there have been studies backing up the positive effects of a good routine. Check out this study if you have some time. It's a qualitative study and relies on interviews, so there are a lot of good quotes within it and at the end, some good suggestions for working on a routine.
Here's what we worked on this week at practice. I asked each player what she was doing within her routine. With some players, we talked multiple times to allow them to inventory what was happening. This allowed for thoughtfulness and searching. The team I have is very open to change if it leads to better performance, but I have to lead them, not change them. If a pre-shot routine is going to work under great pressure, the player has to be completely in charge of it and in tune with its benefits. After asking players about their routines, I videoed them with my iphone and then showed them the video. I also timed each routine a few times to assure it was well within the 40 seconds that is our goal and that the time was consistent. Players like to play with rhythm, which is tough in a game that often has long waits on the tee box. A routine gives the player back their rhythm. Then we talked about Joan Vickers Quiet Eyes study and compared their video with that ideology. Here's a quick article explaining her science. Most of the players were surprised at their lack of time given to target looks and the quickness of their eye movements. They were also honest about their inconsistency of what they thought about behind the ball. Many were still in the information gathering stages or they hadn't committed completely to the shot as they started their routine. We talked through the importance of doing those two acts prior to the beginning of the routine. A few of the players were focused on mechanics or what they didn't want to do. We talked about making sure there was outward focus instead of only inward and we also talked about positivity. We worked on visualization, flow, rhythm and breathing.
It was a great practice and the players figured out a lot about what they want to do with the moments before their shots. Most felt more connected with their targets afterwards and a few felt like they could see it, feel it, trust it as Dr. Cook would say. We even learned that too much inward focus was leading one player to aim poorly, but as soon as she focused more on the shot she wanted and saw it, she began to aim much better. Find someone who can help you with your routine, but make sure it's your routine and not someone else's ideas. Figure out a way to go through your checklist of important things to hit a great shot. For some it's balance, visualization and clarity. For others it's focus on target. For some it's just doing the same thing over and over until it feels like a security blanket in tough times.
To wrap it up, here are a bunch of youtube videos of pro's routines and some describing them. You'll hear words such as aim, exact. trust, consistent, target, etc as they talk through what they do.
Tiger talks about how he does it. It's not about visualizing the shot; it's about feeling it. Remember, everyone is different, so find your own way. This is a great video. He talks about being in the zone as a blackout. Clear, uncluttered, allowing, feeling, entrenched in the moment, subconscious, sanctuary, calmer, slows down, weird, enthralled, quiet, mentally prepared, out of his way, training takes over, let it happen are all descriptions he uses.
Here is Tiger talking about his routine later in his career.
Jordan Spieth talks about feeling the type of shot he wants to hit and then seeing it before stepping in.
Annika was a quick player and always knew she wouldn't be stroked if put on the clock in a slow group.
Annika had the opportunity to work with Pia Nilsson when she coached the Swedish team and then remained with her throughout her career. Pia and Lynn Marriott teach the Think Box Play Box concept. Here she talks about it with training aids denoting the two areas. Remember, this is one time you don't want to think outside the box!
Nick Faldo thinks of his routine as a chance to rehearse the shot he wants. This is in tune with how actors prepare for roles. They put themselves in the situation many times prior to actually performing.
Sandra Palmer won 19 times on tour. Her routine is simple and straightforward.
Justin Rose is very specific and measured in his routine. For him, that leads to trust.
Brad Faxon was one of the best putters. He believes in a quick routine to remain instinctual. I like it!
Steve Stricker's pre shot in a tournament and then Stricker explains how he stays tension-free with his routine.
Here's Jordan Spieth's routine in a tournament. He doesn't take a practice stroke, which I also like. He sees it. As Tiger talked above that he feels things, he wouldn't be the type of player to skip practice swings. What's right for you?
Just for fun!